From Populism to Progressivism
• How the platform and leaders of the Populist Party influenced the presidential election of 1896 and early 20th Century American politics.
• How and why the collapse of the railroad industry factored into the Panics of 1873 and 1893 and how those panics impacted the political and social development of the United States (e.g. “bimetallism”, the Grange Movement and the Populist Party).
• How and why communities of the South and West formed agrarian movements (e.g., Granger movement, the Alliance movement and the Populist Party).
• How the formation of the Socialist Party of America and the leadership of Eugene V. Debs influenced American politics at the turn of the 19th Century.
• How and why progressivism emerged in American politics at the beginning of the 20th Century and in what ways governments at all levels became more democratic, efficient, and regulatory, as well as, greater advocates for social justice.
• How Presidents Theodore Roosevelt, William H. Taft and Woodrow Wilson led and advocated for progressive reform that regulated businesses and protected the worker and the consumer.
• How and why eugenics became a political movement in several states at the beginning of the 20th Century and how the movement impacted various groups.
· How progressivism changed the relationship between big business, labor and government.
• How scientific discoveries led to the development of Social Darwinism as a philosophy and how intellectuals used it to justify the actions of industry and society at the turn of the century.
• How the eugenics movement affected several groups of Americans during the 20th Century.
• How and why prohibition became “the law of the land” and why it was later repealed.
• How and why progressivism emerged in American societies at the beginning of the 20th Century and how leaders of the movement advocated for social justice.
• How and why the Pendleton Act of 1883 enabled civil service reform and the elimination of political patronage and how the legislation impacted United States politics at the turn of the 19th Century.
• How and why the Social Gospel Movement preached good works and the sharing of wealth as a means of salvation and how these ideas impacted 20th Century progressive politicians.
• To what extent the American worker gained labor concessions and greater power through unionization, collective bargaining, and various tactics of work stoppage.
• To what extent politicians have used graft and corruption to move up the political ladder and lead political parties or “machines.”
• How various muckraking journalists worked to expose the social, economic and political ills of an industrialized society (e.g., Jacob Riis in How the Other Half Lives, Lincoln Steffens in The Shame of the Cities, Ida M. Tarbell in History of the Standard Oil Company, Upton Sinclair and The Jungle, Thomas Nast).
• How the American worker toiled and protested to secure a piece of the “American Dream” (Pullman Strikers and Report and Testimony on the Chicago Strike of 1894, Frederick Winslow Taylor and The Principles of Scientific Management, Lewis Hine photographs of child labor in America 1908-1912, Eugene V. Debs and “Yes, I Am my Brother’s Keeper”).
• How former slaves viewed themselves and their role in American society as free citizens. (e.g., Booker T. Washington and Up from Slavery, Slave Narratives of WPA Federal Writers' Project, Charles Chesnutt, “The Wife of His Youth”).
• How African American civil rights leaders of the late 19th Century differed in how to best achieve greater freedom and equality (Ida B. Wells, Booker T. Washington and “The Atlanta Compromise”, W.E.B. Du Bois and “The Talented Tenth”).
Omaha Platform (eight parts of the Populist Party agenda)
"Wicked Witch of East"
"Wicked Witch of West"
William Jennings Bryan
"Scarecrow", "Tin Man", "Cowardly Lion", "Munchkins", "Winged Monkeys", "Yellow Brick Road", "Ruby (Silver) Slippers", "Toto", "Dorothy", "Wizard of Oz"
key demographics of Progressives
the three key tools for Progressives
the four main goals of the Progressives
16th, 17th, 18th, 19th Amendments
economic inequities and preservation of capitalism
Pure Food & Drug Act
Meat Inspection Act
Federal Reserve Act
Clayton Anti-Trust Act
DuBois & Washington Docs
Graphic Organizer for above
Without Sanctuary (lynching website)
lynching resources (starts at #10)
DuBois & the Sam Hose Lynching
Atlanta Constitution account of Hose lynching
DuBois & Washington Quiz
DuBois, Washington, Garvey, Randolph comparison chart
Wilmington Race Riot Lesson Plan
1898 North Carolina Election
Wilmington Race Riot Commission
SHEG lesson on 1898 NC Election
Guided Reading on Populism
Farmer"s Revolt - Populism DBQ
Summary of populism worksheets (2)
Guided Reading Progressivism Part 1
Untouchables Viewing Guide
Race Cleansing in America (excellent lesson...can be expanded with resources below)
North Carolina's Sterilization Program
questions for above
Eugenics in Virginia
Progressivism, Hull House and Immigration
Child Labor Photographs
Progressive Doc snippets from Gilder Lehrman
Should Standard Oil be Regulated webquest (from SAS)
Spoon River Poems doc analyis
Excerpt from The Jungle
The Jungle...three key excerpts and three questions
Prohibition Lesson from SHEG
Progressivism blog post activity (ties in w/above)
Changing role of women doc analyis
Muckraker's view of the factories doc analysis
Meatpacking worker working conditions (The Jungle) (outstanding activity)
What Brought About the Progressive Movement (historiography activity) (part 2)
Progressive Era primary source docs and questions
Square Deal Brochure
Triangle Waist Fire Site (This site includes original sources on the fire...excellent!)
Iron Jawed Angels viewing guide
Historical accuracy of Iron Jawed Angels
Progressvism Puzzle 2017
Child Labor Lesson
Child Labor Handouts
Child Labor Sources
Keating-Owen bill of 1916
HAMMER V. DAGENHART (1918)